Confusion of JavaScript

JavaScript’s syntax is based on the Java and C languages

Arrayis a special kind of object.

0, empty strings (""), NaN, null, and undefined all become false.

let allows you to declare block-level variables. The declared variable is available from the block it is enclosed in.

const allows you to declare variables whose values are never intended to change. The variable is available from the block it is declared in.

var is the most common declarative keyword. It does not have the restrictions that the other two keywords have. This is because it was traditionally the only way to declare a variable in JavaScript. A variable declared with the var the keyword is available from the function it is declared in.

JavaScript has a similar set of control structures to other languages in the C family. Conditional statements are supported by if and else; you can chain them together if you like:

JavaScript objects can be thought of as simple collections of name-value pairs. As such, they are similar to:

Dictionaries in Python.

Hashes in Perl and Ruby.

Hash tables in C and C++.

HashMaps in Java.

Associative arrays in PHP.

There are two basic ways to create an empty object:

var obj = new Object();
var obj = {};

Attribute access can be chained together:

obj.details.color; // orange
obj['details']['size']; // 12

an object’s properties can again be accessed in one of two ways:

// dot notation = 'Simon';
var name =;


// bracket notation
obj['name'] = 'Simon';
var name = obj['name'];
// can use a variable to define a key
var user = prompt('what is your key?')
obj[user] = prompt('what is its value?')

JavaScript is a prototype-based language that contains no class statement, as you’d find in C++ or Java (this is sometimes confusing for programmers accustomed to languages with a class statement). Instead, JavaScript uses functions as classes.


Arrays in JavaScript are actually a special type of object.


I’m Md Nimur Hasan, a MERN Stack Developer. I know MongoDB, express, react, node js, and continue deep learning on these.